Ph.D. student, School of Law,
University of Nottingham
On 12 June 2012, the Falkland Islands Government announced the plan of holding a referendum on the islands’ political status. Sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, located in the South Atlantic Ocean and with a population of approximately 3,000, has been a subject of long-term dispute between Argentina and the United Kingdom (UK). This year marks the 30-year anniversary of the Falklands War, the conflict between the two countries that attracted the attention of the international community and the United Nations (UN) Security Council. Various theories have been put forward to justify the respective claims of sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, among which are some of the modes of acquisition of territory, such as occupation, prescription, and conquest. The right to self-determination may also be of relevance in light of the Falklanders’ campaign for their entitlement to exercise such a right.